The dingo and Aboriginal culture
After its introduction roughly five thousand years ago the dingo was readily accepted into Aboriginal life, both practically and spiritually. The dingo is one of the most represented animals in Aboriginal Mythology, which includes The Dreamtime — the creation of life, how human spirits came to the earth, and how flora and fauna were brought into being — and The Dreaming — which describes Aboriginal core values and spirituality. Dingoes, who live both in the physical and mystical realms, are thought to be able to perceive evil spirits undetectable by man, and therefore make valuable guarders of camp sites (the more dogs the greater this power).
Aboriginals rarely used dingoes to aid human hunting parties because they were difficult to train, often consumed the catch before the owners arrived, and disrupted the successful Aboriginal hunting method of ambush. more often, dingoes were left behind to look after the Aboriginal children while their parents went out hunting.
Dingoes were acquired as pups from native dens and then tamed, and were afforded great affection. Aborigines often gave their dingoes names, slept with them at night, and if their dingo was harmed, it became an object of great dispute. The dingo was so sacred and revered, that Aboriginal women nursed dingo pups from their own breasts.
With the first feet’s arrival on Australian Shores came the pastoralists, their sheep and other livestock. The lack of secure fencing made these vulnerable animals easy targets for the shrewd and adaptable dingo.
Consequently, immediate measures were taken to protect the colony’s precious sheep stocks, which grew in number to thousands within years. Thus began an era of eradication and disaster for Australia’s native dog, which has continued through till today.
Nevertheless, despite great human persecution the dingo continues to prove itself a worthy adversary, and it is perhaps only the tenacity of our wild dog which has saved it from complete extinction.
A contemporary symbol of Australia
Unlike our other native animals which have been celebrated for a long time, the dingo is only now coming to the fore as a creature we want to admire, celebrate, and preserve, and has now officially become Australia’s national breed of dog.
The dingo, like Australia’s other unique fauna — the kangaroo, emu, platypus and koala — is a unique and important member of the bionetwork of this country.